Scientific NameEquus ferus caballus
Common NameTrakehner
Care LevelIntermediate to Advanced
Lifespan20-30 years
Adult Size15.2 to 17 hands
OriginEast Prussia (now Poland/Russia)
TemperamentIntelligent, Energetic, Sensitive

History & Domestication

The Trakehner’s history is deeply woven into the fabric of European equestrian lore. Originating from the East Prussian region (today part of Poland and Russia), the Trakehner was developed in the 18th century at the state stud in Trakehnen. The breed’s foundation was built upon local stock, which was then refined over the years with Thoroughbred, Arabian, and other selective breeds to produce a horse of unmatched stamina, resilience, and versatility.

Their history is marked by both triumphs and challenges. During World War II, the breed faced potential extinction due to wartime adversities. Breeders were forced to make the treacherous trek from East Prussia to Western Europe to save the breed, a journey that became legendary in the equestrian world and further solidified the Trakehner’s reputation for endurance.


Trakehners are elegant and athletic, typically standing between 15.2 and 17 hands. They possess a harmoniously built body, with a light yet muscular build. Their overall appearance reflects a balanced combination of power and grace, a result of selective breeding practices aiming for a versatile performance horse.


With proper care, a Trakehner can live anywhere between 20 to 30 years. Like all horse breeds, their lifespan is influenced by factors like genetics, diet, healthcare, and living conditions. Regular veterinary check-ups and preventive care can help ensure a long, healthy life.


The Trakehner holds a unique position in the warmblood community due to its selective and controlled breeding practices. The Trakehner breeding standards are strict, aiming to preserve the breed’s unique characteristics. While outcrossing to other breeds is allowed, it’s usually limited to Thoroughbreds and Arabians to maintain the breed’s integrity.

Unique Features

Trakehners have a unique combination of features that set them apart. Their eyes are notably expressive, and their overall appearance exudes an aura of nobility. They have a floating trot, a testament to their inherent grace and agility. Their stamina and resilience, as demonstrated during the war evacuations, are legendary.

Behavior and Temperament

The Trakehner is known for its intelligence, sensitivity, and willingness to work. They’re often described as having a “big heart,” eager to please their rider. However, their sensitivity means they respond best to consistent, gentle training methods. They form strong bonds with their handlers and riders, making them excellent companions for those who understand and respect their nature.


Due to their sensitive and intelligent nature, Trakehners require handlers who can offer consistent, understanding, and positive reinforcement-based training. They thrive in environments where they’re mentally stimulated and engaged. Patience is key; aggressive or punitive training methods can be counterproductive with this breed.

Grooming Needs

Regular grooming is essential to keep a Trakehner’s coat shining and healthy. Routine tasks include brushing, hoof cleaning, and mane and tail care. Their fine coats can make them more susceptible to skin issues, so keeping them clean and dry is crucial.

Diet & Nutrition

Trakehners, with their active lifestyles, require a well-balanced diet. High-quality hay, fresh grass, grains, and supplements should be provided based on the horse’s age, activity level, and health requirements. Fresh water should be available at all times, and salt blocks can be provided for added minerals.


While Trakehners are versatile and adapt well to various climates, it’s important to provide them with adequate shelter from extreme weather conditions. Their fine coat can make them sensitive to excessive cold or heat, so provisions like blankets in colder climates or shaded areas in warmer regions are beneficial.

Common Health Issues

Trakehners, like other horse breeds, can be prone to certain health issues. Common concerns include lameness, respiratory issues, and digestive problems. Regular vet check-ups, a proper diet, and a clean living environment can go a long way in preventing and managing these concerns.

Habitat Requirements

Spacious pastures or paddocks are ideal for Trakehners. They love to graze and roam, so ample space is crucial for their well-being. Whether in a stable or pasture, their living area should be clean, safe, and free from potential hazards.

Cost of Care

Owning a Trakehner can be a significant investment. The initial purchase price can be quite high due to the breed’s prestige. Moreover, regular expenses related to feeding, healthcare, training, and equipment should be considered. If the horse is involved in competitive sports or shows, additional costs related to participation, transportation, and specialized training should also be budgeted for. Proper financial planning ensures the well-being of the horse and avoids unexpected costs.

Trakehner FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)