Roborovski Hamster

Scientific NamePhodopus roborovskii
Common NameRoborovski Hamster
Care LevelIntermediate
Lifespan3-3.5 years
Adult Size2-2.5 inches in length
OriginDesert regions of Northern China and Mongolia
TemperamentActive, Social, Skittish

History & Domestication

The Roborovski Hamster was initially discovered in 1894 in the deserts of Northern China and Mongolia by Lieutenant Vsevolod Roborovski, after whom the hamster is named. For many years, these hamsters remained in their natural habitat, largely unknown to the rest of the world. It wasn’t until the latter half of the 20th century that they were introduced to the West as potential pets. Their popularity surged, thanks to their endearing features and active behavior. Today, they are widely recognized in pet circles and are bred extensively outside their native regions.

Their domestication journey is somewhat recent compared to other hamster species. This history makes them somewhat more skittish and wild-like in their behaviors, making them a fascinating study for both pet owners and researchers.


Among the smallest of hamster species, Roborovski Hamsters usually grow to a length of 2-2.5 inches. Their compact size contributes to their speed and agility. Though tiny, they pack an incredible amount of energy into their petite frames, making them both a joy and a challenge to watch and care for.


Roborovski Hamsters have a lifespan ranging between 3 to 3.5 years, which is relatively long for hamsters. This extended lifespan, coupled with their active nature, means they provide prolonged companionship for their owners. Proper care, nutrition, and a stress-free environment can ensure they live out their full lifespan healthily.


Roborovski Hamsters become sexually mature at around 4 to 5 weeks of age. If intending to breed, it’s essential to pair them while they’re still young, as older hamsters tend to be more territorial and may fight. After a successful mating, the gestation period lasts about 22-30 days. Once born, the litter, which can comprise anywhere from 3 to 6 pups, is blind, deaf, and hairless. Within weeks, however, they rapidly grow, becoming independent and resembling miniature versions of their parents.

Unique Features

Their striking appearance sets Roborovski Hamsters apart. They possess a sandy, agouti coat, devoid of the dorsal stripe found in other dwarf hamsters. Their white bellies and the distinctive “white eyebrows” over their eyes make them instantly recognizable. Their legs, built for speed, enable them to move quickly, an adaptation from their desert origins where escaping predators was crucial.

Behavior and Temperament

These hamsters are nocturnal and incredibly active, especially during the evening. They are also among the more social hamster species and can cohabitate with same-sex pairs or groups if introduced at a young age. However, they are notably skittish and can be harder to tame than some other hamster varieties, often darting away quickly when approached. Their speed and agility are commendable, often seen running miles on their exercise wheels in a single night.


Given their skittish nature, Roborovski Hamsters require patience when it comes to handling. Initial interactions should be limited to allowing the hamster to sniff and explore your hand within their cage. Over time, as trust is built, they can be gently scooped up using both hands. Due to their speed, it’s essential to handle them in a secure area where they can’t escape and get lost.

Grooming Needs

Roborovski Hamsters are relatively low maintenance in the grooming department. They often groom themselves, keeping their fur clean. However, providing a shallow dish with chinchilla sand (not dust) allows them to take sand baths, which helps in keeping their coat in pristine condition. Regularly checking their nails and teeth ensures they aren’t overgrown.

Diet & Nutrition

An omnivorous diet comprising commercial hamster pellets should be the staple. This can be supplemented with fresh vegetables, fruits, and occasional protein sources like mealworms. Seeds, nuts, and grains can also be given in moderation. Fresh water should always be accessible. As they are prone to diabetes, sugary foods and fruits should be given sparingly.


Roborovski Hamsters are adapted to desert conditions. However, in captivity, a consistent temperature range of 65°F to 75°F (18°C to 24°C) is ideal. Drafts, direct sunlight, and any sudden temperature changes should be avoided to ensure their comfort.

Common Health Issues

These hamsters are relatively hardy but can suffer from common ailments like wet tail, respiratory issues, and tumors. Due to their small size, any health concerns can escalate quickly, making prompt attention crucial. Regular vet check-ups and an observant eye for any behavioral changes can ensure early detection and treatment.

Habitat Requirements

Roborovski Hamsters need spacious cages to cater to their active nature. A minimum cage size of 24×12 inches with a solid base (not wire) is recommended. Multiple levels, exercise wheels, tunnels, and hideouts will keep them engaged. Bedding should be unscented and absorbent, with a depth allowing them to burrow. As they’re master escape artists, the cage bars should be closely spaced.

Cost of Care

The initial setup for a Roborovski Hamster, including cage, bedding, toys, and food, can range from $50 to $150 depending on the quality and brands chosen. Monthly expenses for food and bedding replacements may average around $10 to $20. Factoring in occasional vet visits, they are relatively economical pets, but providing them with the best care might come with its costs. It’s always advisable to be prepared for potential veterinary expenses, which can vary based on location and specific health issues.

Roborovski Hamster FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)