Ram Cichlid

Species NameMikrogeophagus ramirezi
Common NameRam Cichlid, German Blue Ram, Butterfly Cichlid
Care LevelIntermediate
Lifespan3-4 years
Adult Size2-3 inches
Minimum Tank Size20 gallons
Temperature78°F – 85°F (25°C – 29°C)
Water ConditionspH 6.0-7.5, soft to medium hardness

About the Ram Cichlid – Species Summary

The Ram Cichlid, scientifically named Mikrogeophagus ramirezi, is a vibrantly colored freshwater fish that hails from the Orinoco River basin in Colombia and Venezuela. Its striking coloration, combined with a peaceful temperament, makes it a favorite among aquarists. These fish, especially the German Blue Ram variation, possess a captivating beauty with their mix of blue, yellow, and red hues. Despite their relative hardiness, Ram Cichlids require specific water conditions, making them more suitable for aquarists with a bit of experience.

Ram Cichlid Lifespan

Typically, with optimal care and under the right conditions, Ram Cichlids have a lifespan of 3 to 4 years. Their life expectancy can be influenced by factors such as diet, water quality, and stress levels. A stable, well-maintained environment can help them live out their full lifespan.


Ram Cichlids boast a palette of colors, with a primary blue sheen complemented by patches of gold, red, and black. Males generally have elongated dorsal and ventral fins, while females usually exhibit a reddish hue on their abdomen, particularly when they’re ready to spawn. The brilliance of their colors is often a direct indicator of their health and mood.

Average Size

Most Ram Cichlids, when fully matured, will reach an average size of 2 to 3 inches. The size can vary slightly based on the specific subspecies, genetics, diet, and overall care.

Ram Cichlid Care

Tank Size

A minimum tank size of 20 gallons is recommended for a pair of Ram Cichlids. These are active fish that appreciate space to swim and explore, so if you plan to have a community tank or multiple pairs, consider a larger aquarium.

How To Set Up Their Tank

Ram Cichlids thrive in a tank that mimics their natural habitat. A substrate of fine sand, along with rocks and driftwood, can provide suitable hiding spots. Dense planting with aquatic plants like Java fern, Amazon swords, and Anubias provides shelter, and they appreciate leafy cover.

Lighting Requirements

Moderate lighting suits Ram Cichlids best. It’s enough to illuminate their brilliant colors while ensuring the plants in the tank can photosynthesize effectively. Using a timer to simulate a consistent day-night cycle can be beneficial.


A pH level between 6.0 and 7.5 is ideal for Ram Cichlids. Regular testing and adjustments, if necessary, can help maintain this range.


Ram Cichlids prefer warmer waters, with temperatures ranging between 78°F and 85°F (25°C – 29°C). A reliable aquarium heater and a thermometer are essential to maintain and monitor these warm temperatures.

Water Parameters

Soft to medium-hard water is best for these cichlids. It’s crucial to conduct regular water changes, ensuring the water is free from harmful chemicals and toxins. Consistency in water parameters is key to their health.

Disease Potential

Ram Cichlids can be susceptible to common fish ailments like Ich, skin flukes, and bacterial infections. Quarantining new additions to the tank, maintaining clean water, and feeding a balanced diet can help in preventing these diseases.

Food & Diet

Being omnivorous, Ram Cichlids have a diverse palate. They enjoy high-quality pellet or flake food, but their diet should be enriched with live or frozen foods such as brine shrimp, bloodworms, and daphnia. Offering a varied diet ensures they receive all essential nutrients.

Behavior and Temperament

Despite being cichlids, Rams are relatively peaceful. They can be territorial, especially during breeding, but they generally coexist harmoniously with other non-aggressive fish. Their calm demeanor and small size make them an excellent choice for community tanks.

Tank Mates

Good tank mates for Ram Cichlids include tetras, rasboras, and small catfish. It’s best to avoid aggressive fish or those large enough to view the Ram as food. If you wish to keep multiple Rams, ensure the tank is spacious enough to allow for territories.


Breeding Ram Cichlids can be a rewarding experience. They’re biparental substrate spawners, meaning both parents play a role in guarding the eggs. Providing a flat stone or a similar surface in a quiet part of the tank can encourage spawning. Once hatched, fry can be fed with finely ground flake food or specialized fry formulations.

In conclusion, Ram Cichlids are a beautiful addition to any freshwater aquarium. Their vibrant colors, combined with a generally peaceful nature, make them both a visual treat and a joy to care for. With a little attention to their specific needs, they can thrive and become the star attraction of your tank.

Ram Cichlid FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)