Netherland Dwarf Rabbit

Scientific NameOryctolagus cuniculus
Common NameNetherland Dwarf Rabbit
Care LevelModerate
Lifespan7-10 years
Adult Size1.1-2.5 pounds
TemperamentShy, Gentle, Occasionally Stubborn

History & Domestication

The Netherland Dwarf Rabbit is one of the most popular and recognized small rabbit breeds globally, and as the name suggests, it originates from the Netherlands. Introduced in the early 20th century, the breed was developed from smaller wild European rabbits and domesticated breeds, particularly the Polish rabbit. The objective was to create a compact and attractive rabbit with a pleasant demeanor, suitable for both show and companionship.

The Netherland Dwarf made its journey to the United Kingdom in the 1940s and later to the United States in the 1960s. With its miniature size and distinctive appearance, it quickly became a favorite among rabbit enthusiasts, leading to its widespread popularity today.


One of the Netherland Dwarf Rabbit’s defining characteristics is its diminutive size. As adults, they usually weigh between 1.1 and 2.5 pounds, making them one of the smallest domesticated rabbit breeds. Despite their compact size, they are energetic and agile, requiring plenty of space to move around and play.


With proper care and a suitable environment, Netherland Dwarf Rabbits have a lifespan ranging from 7 to 10 years. Their longevity can be influenced by factors such as genetics, diet, and overall care. It’s worth noting that their smaller size does not necessarily mean a shorter lifespan compared to larger rabbit breeds.


Breeding Netherland Dwarf Rabbits requires knowledge, experience, and caution. Due to their small size, kindling (giving birth) can present challenges. The breed’s genetics also carries the “lethal gene” that, when inherited from both parents, results in babies that don’t survive. For these reasons, breeding is typically left to experienced breeders who understand the complexities of dwarf rabbit genetics.

Unique Features

The Netherland Dwarf Rabbit is often recognized by its small stature, short neck, and compact, round body. Their heads are notably large in proportion to their body, with bold, upright ears. They possess a vast range of coat colors and patterns, adding to their appeal. The combination of their size and distinctive features gives them an undeniably adorable appearance.

Behavior and Temperament

Netherland Dwarfs are generally shy, especially when introduced to new environments or people. However, with consistent and gentle interaction, they can become quite affectionate and playful. Some individuals can be somewhat stubborn or assertive, a trait that’s often amusing to their owners. Given their timid nature, they’re better suited for adults or older children who can handle them with the necessary care and patience.


Given their delicate size and occasionally skittish nature, handling a Netherland Dwarf requires gentleness and caution. It’s crucial to approach them calmly, using slow movements to gain their trust. When picking them up, one hand should support their chest while the other supports their hindquarters. Dropping or rough handling can lead to injury, so it’s essential always to be attentive and gentle.

Grooming Needs

Netherland Dwarf Rabbits have a short, dense coat that requires minimal grooming. A weekly brush should suffice in keeping their fur in good condition, though during molting seasons, more frequent grooming may be necessary to prevent hairballs. Like all rabbits, their nails need regular trimming, and their continually growing teeth should be monitored.

Diet & Nutrition

Their diet primarily consists of high-quality hay, which provides the necessary fiber for their digestive system. Fresh vegetables, fruits, and specialized rabbit pellets can supplement their diet. While they might enjoy treats, it’s essential to offer them in moderation to prevent obesity and related health issues.


These rabbits are sensitive to temperature fluctuations. They thrive in temperatures between 60°F and 70°F. In hotter months, providing a cool environment is vital, while in colder months, ensuring they’re protected from drafts and freezing conditions is crucial.

Common Health Issues

Like other rabbit breeds, Netherland Dwarfs can face health challenges. Dental issues, due to their continuously growing teeth, are common. They’re also susceptible to gastrointestinal diseases, respiratory infections, and genetic disorders related to their dwarfism. Regular veterinary check-ups can help in the early detection and treatment of potential health issues.

Habitat Requirements

Despite their small size, Netherland Dwarfs are active and require ample space. Their housing should allow them to move, hop, and play freely. They should also have places to hide, rest, and play. Enrichment, like toys and chewable items, is vital for their mental and dental health.

Cost of Care

While the initial purchase or adoption fee for a Netherland Dwarf may be moderate, potential owners should account for ongoing care costs. These include food, housing, grooming tools, health check-ups, and any unforeseen medical expenses. Investing in their care ensures a happy, healthy life for these tiny companions.

Netherland Dwarf Rabbit FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)