Hooded Rat

Scientific NameRattus norvegicus
Common NameHooded Rat
Care LevelModerate
Lifespan2-3 years
Adult Size9-11 inches (including tail)
OriginEurope (from wild brown rats)
TemperamentSocial, Intelligent, Playful

History & Domestication

The hooded rat, an exciting and visually striking variation of the Rattus norvegicus, has a history interlinked with the broader narrative of rat domestication. Like their fancy rat counterparts, the history of hooded rats traces back to the brown rats in Europe. As the domestication process initiated, certain genetic mutations led to distinct coat patterns, one of which became the characteristic “hood” that runs from the rat’s head down its spine. The hooded pattern quickly became a favorite among rat enthusiasts and breeders, thus solidifying its place in pet communities worldwide.

During the 18th and 19th centuries, the gradual shift from using rats in blood sports to keeping them as affectionate companions saw the hooded rat becoming a household favorite. Their unique markings, coupled with a delightful temperament, made them a preferred choice for many.


Typically, the hooded rat, like its fancy rat relatives, measures between 9 to 11 inches from nose to tail-tip. These measurements encompass a sturdy body structure, with males often presenting a more prominent stature than their female counterparts.


A hooded rat’s life expectancy ranges between 2 to 3 years, although with exceptional care, they can sometimes reach the latter end of this range or slightly surpass it. While these years may seem fleeting, they are filled with activity, exploration, and interaction.


Breeding hooded rats follows the general fancy rat breeding norms. Understanding genetic patterns is vital, especially if one aims to retain the hooded marking in offspring. The breeding age for females (does) starts from 6 weeks, while males (bucks) can breed from 8 to 10 weeks. After mating, a gestation period of approximately 21 to 23 days follows, resulting in a litter of lively pups.

Unique Features

The standout feature of the hooded rat is its distinct coat pattern. This pattern is characterized by a continuous colored marking that covers the head and runs down the spine, reminiscent of a hooded cloak. The rest of the body remains a contrasting color, usually white. The sharp contrast between the hood and the body gives these rats a captivating appearance.

Behavior and Temperament

Hooded rats, much like other domesticated rats, exhibit a sociable and engaging temperament. They are inquisitive creatures, eager to explore their surroundings and interact with their human caregivers. Their intelligence stands out, making them receptive to training. They can be taught tricks, recognize their names, and even navigate mazes.


A hooded rat’s amiable nature often makes handling a relatively straightforward task. Regular, gentle interaction from a young age is the key to fostering trust. As with all rats, it’s essential to avoid sudden movements or loud noises. Over time, with patience and consistent handling, hooded rats can become incredibly affectionate and even seek out human interaction.

Grooming Needs

Hooded rats are meticulous groomers, often seen cleaning themselves thoroughly. However, occasional checks, particularly focusing on their nails, can be beneficial. Long nails might need trimming to prevent any injury. Additionally, older rats or those with certain coat types might need assistance in cleaning.

Diet & Nutrition

Omnivorous in nature, hooded rats thrive on a varied diet. While commercial rat pellets should constitute the primary diet, fresh fruits, vegetables, and occasional lean proteins like chicken or eggs can be included. Always ensure they have access to fresh water.


Temperature moderation is essential for the well-being of hooded rats. A range between 65°F to 75°F is ideal. Extreme temperatures, both cold and hot, can be detrimental. Ensure their habitat is free from direct sunlight, drafts, and external heat sources.

Common Health Issues

Like their fancy rat relatives, hooded rats are prone to respiratory issues, tumors, and dental problems. Regular vet visits and observing any behavioral or appetite changes can aid in early diagnosis and treatment.

Habitat Requirements

For hooded rats, a spacious cage is paramount. Horizontal bars offer climbing opportunities. Ensure the environment is enriched with toys, hammocks, and hiding spots. Soft bedding, such as paper-based or aspen shavings, is recommended.

Cost of Care

While purchasing a hooded rat might not be expensive, ensuring they receive the best care involves expenses. The cage, food, toys, bedding, and medical care constitute the majority of costs. Investing in quality products can reduce long-term expenses and enhance the rat’s quality of life.

Hooded Rat FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)