Green-Winged Macaw

Green-Winged Macaw
Scientific NameAra chloropterus
Common NameGreen-Winged Macaw
Care LevelIntermediate to Advanced
Lifespan50-60 years
Adult Size35-37 inches
DietFruits, nuts, seeds, vegetables
OriginSouth America
TemperamentSocial, playful, vocal

History & Domestication

The Green-Winged Macaw, also sometimes referred to as the Red-and-green Macaw, is indigenous to the vast territories spanning large parts of South America. Its natural habitat includes tropical rainforests, woodlands, and savannah-like terrains. From the Amazon basin to Paraguay, these majestic birds have soared over territories that have witnessed immense historical and environmental changes.

Their charm didn’t go unnoticed. As with their close relatives, these macaws were taken by explorers and traders to Europe, where they quickly became a sought-after symbol of wealth and status. The domestication process, driven by their beauty and intelligence, led them to become popular pets. Sadly, this also meant that their wild numbers faced serious threats from over-capture for the pet trade, combined with habitat destruction.


The Green-Winged Macaw is one of the largest of the Ara genus. Adult birds typically measure between 35 to 37 inches from head to tail. Their robust size is balanced with an equally impressive wingspan, which can stretch several feet across, allowing them to effortlessly navigate their forest homes.


One of the many fascinating aspects of the Green-Winged Macaw is its impressive lifespan. In a well-maintained, stress-free environment, they can live between 50 to 60 years, and in some instances even longer. Such longevity means that adopting one is a lifelong commitment, often requiring provisions in wills for their care if they outlive their initial caretakers.


Green-Winged Macaws are monogamous creatures, often forming pair bonds that last a lifetime. In their natural habitat, breeding season is often dictated by the availability of food. Nests are typically made in tree cavities, with the female laying up to two eggs. Both parents take part in the incubation and feeding process, showcasing a partnership in nurturing their offspring.

Unique Features

Their name might suggest a predominantly green plumage, but the Green-Winged Macaw is a kaleidoscope of colors. Their body showcases a vibrant red, contrasted with green-blue wings and a teal-blue rump. A distinct feature is the lines of small green feathers on their face, which stand out against their bare white facial skin, giving every bird a unique pattern.

Behavior and Temperament

Like many of their macaw cousins, the Green-Winged variety is an energetic, intelligent, and social creature. They thrive in interactive environments and form deep bonds with their human companions. Their vocal nature, combined with their cognitive abilities, makes them exceptional mimics. They’re playful and often demand attention, making them both entertaining and demanding pets.


Consistent and positive handling sessions are vital for a well-adjusted macaw. They are quick learners, responding well to positive reinforcement training techniques. While they can be trained to perform various tricks, it’s essential to remember that they are powerful birds with a strong beak and should be handled with respect and care.

Grooming Needs

Grooming is an integral part of their care regimen. Regular wing clipping, while optional and sometimes debated, can prevent them from flying away in open spaces. Their nails will require trimming to prevent overgrowth, and they absolutely love showers. Bathing helps in keeping their plumage vibrant and clean.

Diet & Nutrition

Their diet in the wild is varied, including seeds, fruits, and even clay from riverbeds which helps detoxify seeds. In captivity, a balanced diet consisting of high-quality parrot pellets supplemented with fresh fruits, vegetables, and occasional nuts ensures their nutritional needs are met.


Originating from the tropical climates of South America, they prefer warmer temperatures. However, they are adaptable birds. In captivity, it’s essential to protect them from drafts and sudden temperature changes. A stable environment promotes better health.

Common Health Issues

The Green-Winged Macaw can face health issues similar to other parrots. These include feather plucking, respiratory problems, and fungal infections. Regular health check-ups with an avian veterinarian can help catch potential health issues early.

Habitat Requirements

Due to their size and activity levels, a large cage or aviary is mandatory. Their living space needs to be big enough to allow them to spread their wings, climb, and play with toys. Safe, bird-approved toys can keep them mentally stimulated, which is essential for such an intelligent bird.

Cost of Care

Ownership of a Green-Winged Macaw is not just a time commitment, but also a financial one. From the initial purchase, which can be quite hefty, to their habitat, diet, toys, and regular health check-ups, the costs add up. Prospective owners should be aware and prepared for the ongoing care costs associated with these magnificent creatures.

Green-Winged Macaw FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)