Diamond Dove

Diamond Dove
Scientific NameGeopelia cuneata
Common NameDiamond Dove
Care LevelBeginner
Lifespan8-12 years
Adult Size7.5-9 inches (19-23 cm)
DietSeeds, grains, occasional greens
TemperamentPeaceful, gentle, shy

History & Domestication

The Diamond Dove, with its mesmerizing appearance and serene temperament, is native to the vast stretches of mainland Australia. Found extensively in the inner parts and northern regions of Australia, they inhabit areas with sparse vegetation and have a strong inclination towards arid territories.

Though the vastness of the Australian continent kept these birds hidden from the world for quite some time, the turn of the 20th century saw their introduction to bird enthusiasts globally. Their tranquil demeanor and distinctive appearance made them a darling in aviculture. Diamond Doves, as a result, became one of the most beloved and commonly domesticated doves worldwide.


Diamond Doves are relatively small birds, with adults typically measuring between 7.5 to 9 inches in length. This petite size, combined with their non-intrusive nature, makes them an ideal choice for bird enthusiasts living in confined spaces or apartments.


With proper care and attention, a Diamond Dove can live anywhere from 8 to 12 years, and in some rare cases, even longer. Their lifespan can be a testament to the enduring bond they form with their caregivers, emphasizing the role that a loving and nurturing environment plays in their overall well-being.


Breeding Diamond Doves is a rewarding experience, as the bond they form with their mates is often a lifelong commitment. The typical clutch size is two eggs, with an incubation period of about 13 to 14 days. Witnessing the commitment of both parents, as they share responsibilities in warming the eggs and feeding the chicks, is genuinely heartening.

Unique Features

The Diamond Dove gets its evocative name from the ‘diamond’-like specks that adorn its wings and the sides of its body. Coupled with striking red eye-rings, these features provide the bird with a distinctive and enchanting appearance. Their soft cooing sounds further enhance their appeal, making them a delightful addition to any household.

Behavior and Temperament

These doves are the epitome of calmness and serenity. Their peaceful and gentle nature means they seldom display aggressive behavior. While they may appear shy initially, over time and with regular interactions, they can form deep bonds with their caregivers. Their soothing cooing sounds add an element of tranquility to any setting, making them perfect companions for those seeking a relaxed pet.


Diamond Doves, being delicate birds, require gentle handling. Building a bond of trust is crucial, and this is best achieved through consistent, calm interactions. While they can be allowed to venture outside their cages for short periods, supervision is essential to ensure their safety.

Grooming Needs

The grooming needs of Diamond Doves are minimal. They often indulge in dust baths, which aid in keeping their feathers in pristine condition. An occasional misting or offering a shallow water dish for them to bathe can be beneficial. Their nails might require occasional trimming if they become overly long.

Diet & Nutrition

The primary diet of Diamond Doves comprises seeds and grains. A mix of millet, canary seeds, and finely chopped greens can be provided. Fresh water should always be available. Occasionally, introducing fresh greens and egg food can be beneficial for their health.


Being natives of Australia’s arid regions, Diamond Doves are accustomed to warmer climates. A temperature range between 65°F and 75°F (18°C to 24°C) is optimal. However, they should be shielded from drafts and abrupt temperature changes.

Common Health Issues

While Diamond Doves are hardy birds, they can be susceptible to common avian diseases like respiratory infections or parasitic infestations. Regular check-ups, a balanced diet, and a clean environment can mitigate many potential health problems.

Habitat Requirements

These doves thrive in spacious habitats where they can flutter around. A medium to large cage with a variety of perches, and a nesting area if breeding is intended, is ideal. They appreciate a few toys, but their environment shouldn’t be overly cluttered.

Cost of Care

The initial acquisition cost for a Diamond Dove is usually reasonable. However, one must budget for ongoing expenses like food, occasional vet visits, cage maintenance, and toys. Investing in their well-being ensures a long, healthy life and a contented companion.

Diamond Dove FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)