Scientific NameEquus ferus caballus
Common NameClydesdale
Care LevelIntermediate to Advanced
Lifespan20-25 years
Adult Size16-18 hands, 1,800-2,300 lbs
TemperamentGentle, Friendly, Active

History & Domestication

Originating from the Clydesdale region of Scotland, the Clydesdale breed played a pivotal role in the country’s agricultural and industrial revolution. Initially bred for heavy farm and coal mining work in the mid-18th century, the Clydesdale’s strength and resilience quickly gained recognition. It’s believed that local mares were bred with Flemish stallions, resulting in the draft horses with significant size and strength.

During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Clydesdales saw a boom in their popularity, with thousands being exported worldwide. They played essential roles in both World Wars, particularly in logistics. However, with the mechanization of agriculture post-World War II, their numbers began to decline. Thanks to enthusiasts and preservation societies, the breed’s legacy was kept alive and has seen a resurgence in popularity for various equestrian events and as show horses.


One of the defining features of the Clydesdale is its significant size. Adult Clydesdales typically stand between 16 to 18 hands (64 to 72 inches) tall. In terms of weight, these equine giants can weigh anywhere from 1,800 to 2,300 pounds, with some even reaching up to 2,600 pounds. Their solid build combined with their muscular physique gives them their renowned strength.


Clydesdales, with proper care and nutrition, typically have a lifespan of 20 to 25 years. The key to their longevity lies in regular veterinary check-ups, proper nutrition, and a well-maintained living environment.


Breeding Clydesdales is a meticulous process that aims to preserve the breed’s characteristics and lineage. Only certain stallions and mares are chosen to ensure the offspring retain the distinctive features and temperament of the Clydesdale. Genetic diversity is also a crucial consideration to maintain the breed’s health and vitality.

Unique Features

Clydesdales are instantly recognizable due to several unique features. Their “feathering” or long silky hair on their lower legs, which gracefully flows around their hooves, is iconic. They commonly sport a bay coat with white markings on their face and legs. Their hooves are large, often compared to the size of dinner plates. Their gait, despite their size, is surprisingly agile and elegant, with a noticeable lift, making them popular in parades and shows.

Behavior and Temperament

Despite their intimidating size, Clydesdales are often referred to as “gentle giants.” They possess a calm and friendly temperament, which makes them suitable for various roles, from workhorses to parade stars. They are also known to be intelligent and quick learners, which, combined with their willing nature, makes them a favorite among many equestrian enthusiasts.


Given their size and strength, handling Clydesdales requires knowledge and experience. They respond best to calm, consistent, and positive reinforcement-based methods. While they are gentle, their sheer size can make them unintentionally intimidating, so it’s vital for handlers to be confident and clear in their commands.

Grooming Needs

Regular grooming is essential to ensure the Clydesdale’s coat and feathers remain clean and healthy. Their long hair, especially around the hooves, can trap moisture and dirt, leading to potential fungal infections if not regularly cleaned. Daily brushing, regular hoof cleaning, and periodic baths are essential. Their large hooves also require routine trimming by a professional farrier familiar with the breed.

Diet & Nutrition

Due to their size, Clydesdales have specific dietary needs. They require a diet rich in high-quality hay, grains, and adequate fresh water. The exact nutritional requirements can vary based on their activity level, age, and health. Regular consultations with an equine nutritionist or veterinarian can help tailor their diet appropriately.


Clydesdales are sturdy and can withstand various climates. However, it’s essential to provide them with shelter from extreme weather conditions. During colder months, their thick coat provides insulation, but access to a barn or stable is recommended. During warmer months, shade and plenty of fresh water are crucial.

Common Health Issues

Like other horse breeds, Clydesdales are susceptible to certain health issues. Due to their size, joint problems, and lameness can be concerns. They can also be prone to conditions like Chronic Progressive Lymphedema (CPL) which affects their lower legs. Regular veterinary check-ups and proactive care can help mitigate potential health problems.

Habitat Requirements

A spacious environment is necessary for these large equines. Ample space to move, whether in a paddock or pasture, is crucial for their physical and mental well-being. Regular exercise is also essential to maintain their health and prevent obesity-related issues.

Cost of Care

Owning a Clydesdale is a significant commitment, both in terms of time and finances. The initial purchase cost can vary based on pedigree and training. Ongoing costs, including food, healthcare, grooming, and housing, are notably higher than smaller horse breeds due to their size. However, for many, the joy and pride of caring for these majestic creatures outweigh the costs.

Clydesdale FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)