Can rabbits eat alfalfa hay?

The importance of hay in a rabbit’s diet

Rabbits are herbivores and require a high-fiber diet to maintain good health. Hay is an essential component of their daily nutrition as it helps keep their digestive system functioning properly. It provides the necessary roughage that keeps their teeth worn down and prevents dental issues such as overgrowth.

There are several types of hay available for rabbits, including timothy hay, orchard grass, meadow grass, and alfalfa hay. Each type has its own nutritional profile and suitability for different life stages or specific health conditions.

Alfalfa hay is rich in calcium, protein, and other essential nutrients. Due to its higher content of protein compared to other hays, it’s often recommended for growing rabbits or pregnant/nursing females who have increased nutritional requirements during these important life stages.

While alfalfa may be beneficial in certain situations mentioned above, it is generally not recommended as the primary source of long-term nutrition for adult rabbits. Adult rabbits have lower calcium requirements than young ones; excessive calcium intake can lead to health problems such as bladder sludge or urinary stones.

Feeding guidelines for adult rabbits:

– Offer unlimited amounts of fresh water.
– Provide a variety of hays such as timothy or orchard grass.
– Limit the amount of alfalfa offered – 10% or less mixed with other hays can provide some additional nutrients without risking excessive calcium intake.


If your rabbit has specific dietary needs due to health concerns like malocclusion (teeth misalignment) or weight management issues, it’s always best to consult with a veterinarian for personalized advice.

While alfalfa hay can be an excellent source of nutrition for young or pregnant/nursing rabbits, it should be used sparingly or avoided altogether in the diets of adult rabbits. Providing a balanced diet rich in fiber through various types of hays is essential to ensure your furry friend stays healthy and happy. Remember to always monitor their weight and seek professional guidance when needed for their specific nutritional needs.