Campbell’s Dwarf Hamster

Scientific NamePhodopus campbelli
Common NameCampbell’s Dwarf Hamster
Care LevelBeginner to Intermediate
Lifespan1.5-2 years
Adult Size3.5-4.5 inches in length
OriginNorthern China, Mongolia, Russia
TemperamentCurious, Active, Occasionally Nippy

History & Domestication

Campbell’s Dwarf Hamster is native to the steppes and desert areas of northern China, Mongolia, and regions of Russia. This species was identified by W.C. Campbell in 1902 in Mongolia, from which it gets its common name. Not long after its discovery, its captivating looks and intriguing behaviors caught the attention of pet enthusiasts, and it began its journey into domestication.

Originally used in scientific research, Campbell’s Dwarf Hamsters were subsequently recognized for their potential as household pets. Their manageable size, hardy nature, and fascinating biological rhythms soon found favor in the hearts of pet enthusiasts worldwide.


The Campbell’s Dwarf Hamster boasts a compact size, averaging between 3.5 to 4.5 inches in length when fully grown. Their relatively small stature, combined with a rounded body and a barely visible tail, offers them an irresistibly cute appearance. This makes them particularly suitable for those who might have limited space for larger pets.


Typically, Campbell’s Dwarf Hamsters live for about 1.5 to 2 years. However, with meticulous care and a well-managed environment, some individuals have been known to surpass this average lifespan. Their short life expectancy is something potential owners should be prepared for, embracing the entire lifecycle of these animals in a relatively brief timeframe.


Campbell’s Dwarf Hamsters can reproduce from a young age, starting at just 4-6 weeks old. Their gestation period is around 18-20 days, resulting in litters ranging from 4-8 pups. As with most hamster breeds, it’s advisable to separate the male from the female shortly after mating, as hamsters can be territorial. The pups are born hairless and blind but develop rapidly. By the third week, they’re usually weaned and can be independently housed.

Unique Features

One standout feature of Campbell’s Dwarf Hamster is their beautifully patterned fur. They come in various colors and patterns, from the standard grey to the more exotic albino, black, and mottled variations. Their eyes, always alert and curious, give them an engaging expression, making them irresistible to many pet lovers.

Behavior and Temperament

Campbell’s Dwarf Hamsters are generally active and curious creatures. They tend to be most lively during the twilight hours of dawn and dusk. While they can be social and may cohabitate with same-sex pairs or groups, especially if introduced at a young age, caution is advised. Monitoring is crucial as they can sometimes become territorial and aggressive toward each other.


While Campbell’s are generally amiable, they can occasionally be nippy. Gentle and consistent handling from a young age can help in building trust. As they are quick movers, it’s wise to handle them in a secure area where they can’t easily escape. It’s crucial to approach them slowly and with patience, ensuring they become accustomed to human interaction without stress.

Grooming Needs

These hamsters are relatively low-maintenance in terms of grooming. They are self-cleaners and will frequently groom themselves. Providing them with a sand bath can help them maintain a clean and glossy coat. The key to their well-being is ensuring they live in a clean habitat to minimize the risk of skin issues or infections.

Diet & Nutrition

Campbell’s Dwarf Hamsters thrive on a diet primarily made up of high-quality hamster pellets, ensuring they receive all vital nutrients. Fresh fruits, vegetables, and grains can be offered in moderation as a supplement. Occasional protein boosts from foods like boiled eggs, chicken, or mealworms are also beneficial. Always provide them with fresh water, and be cautious not to overfeed.


Campbell’s Dwarf Hamsters are accustomed to a wide range of temperatures in the wild. However, for domestic settings, maintaining a stable room temperature of 65°F to 75°F (18°C to 24°C) is recommended. They should be kept in locations free from direct sunlight and drafts.

Common Health Issues

Campbell’s Dwarf Hamsters, like other hamster breeds, can be prone to diabetes, dental problems, tumors, and respiratory issues. Regular health checks, both at home and by a veterinarian, can ensure early detection and treatment of potential problems. Proper diet and a clean habitat play crucial roles in preventing many health issues.

Habitat Requirements

For these active rodents, a minimum cage size of 24×12 inches is recommended, with ample depth for bedding. The cage should cater to their burrowing instincts and offer places for hiding and playing. Features like exercise wheels, tunnels, and chew toys can be added for enrichment. Using a non-toxic, absorbent bedding is essential for their comfort.

Cost of Care

Initial setup costs for a Campbell’s Dwarf Hamster habitat can range from $40 to $100, depending on the accessories and quality of the cage. Monthly maintenance costs, considering food and bedding replacements, may average between $10-$20. It’s always wise to budget for potential health checks and unexpected care expenses to ensure the well-being of these delightful creatures.

Campbell’s Dwarf Hamster FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)