Blue and Gold Macaw

Blue and Gold Macaw
Scientific NameAra ararauna
Common NameBlue and Gold Macaw
Care LevelIntermediate to Advanced
Lifespan30-60 years
Adult Size30-36 inches
DietFruits, nuts, seeds, vegetables
OriginSouth America
TemperamentIntelligent, playful, vocal

History & Domestication

The Blue and Gold Macaw is a native of South America, commonly found across vast territories from Brazil to Venezuela. Historically, indigenous tribes have admired these birds for their vibrant colors and have often used their feathers for ceremonial purposes. The allure of these majestic birds soon spread to Europe during the exploration age, where they became symbols of opulence and grandeur, making them highly sought after for the exotic pet trade.

Over the years, their domestication became widespread, with breeders across the globe aiming to cater to the rising demand for these magnificent creatures as pets. However, this soaring popularity led to the unfortunate reality of over-exploitation, leading to serious considerations for their protection in the wild.


Blue and Gold Macaws are among the larger parrot species, with adults typically ranging from 30 to 36 inches from beak to tail. Their impressive size is complemented by a powerful beak and equally sturdy claws, demanding a spacious environment to accommodate their active lifestyles.


Bearing a lifespan that can span between 30 and 60 years, these birds are a considerable commitment for potential owners. In some rare instances, with optimal care, these macaws have been known to live even longer, emphasizing the long-term dedication they require.


In the wild, Blue and Gold Macaws prefer nesting in tree cavities, laying two to three eggs each breeding season. Both parents play an active role in raising their chicks, from incubation to feeding. In captivity, they can breed successfully if provided with a sizable nesting box and an appropriate environment.

Unique Features

Aside from their striking coloration of brilliant blue wings and back juxtaposed against the golden yellow of their undersides, these macaws boast a robust black beak capable of cracking the hardest of nuts. Their facial feather pattern is as unique as a fingerprint, with no two macaws having the same pattern.

Behavior and Temperament

Known for their playful and intelligent nature, Blue and Gold Macaws are incredibly social creatures. They form strong bonds with their human companions and can be very affectionate. Their intelligence allows them to learn a plethora of tricks and commands, and they are also capable mimics. However, they can be loud, which can pose challenges in some living situations.


Regular interaction is paramount for the well-being of a Blue and Gold Macaw. They are eager learners and enjoy play sessions. Training them requires patience, but with positive reinforcement techniques, they can learn a variety of tricks and commands. Due to their strength, owners should handle them with confidence.

Grooming Needs

Regular grooming is vital for these macaws. Wing clipping, while controversial, can be considered based on the living situation. Their nails need routine trimming, and they relish in frequent showers or misting to maintain the health and luster of their feathers.

Diet & Nutrition

A balanced diet is crucial for their health. While they thrive on a mix of seeds, nuts, and fruits in the wild, in captivity, their diet should be complemented with fresh fruits, vegetables, and specially formulated parrot pellets. Freshwater should be available at all times.


Being native to tropical climates, Blue and Gold Macaws prefer warm environments. They are, however, adaptable and can tolerate a range of temperatures as long as they are protected from extreme cold and drafts.

Common Health Issues

While generally robust, these macaws can be susceptible to typical bird ailments like psittacosis, beak malformation, and feather plucking. Regular check-ups with an avian veterinarian are recommended to detect and treat any potential issues early.

Habitat Requirements

Given their size, they require a spacious cage or aviary. It should be sturdy, as their powerful beaks can easily dismantle weaker materials. The environment should be enriched with toys, perches, and climbing structures to cater to their curious nature.

Cost of Care

The initial purchase price of a Blue and Gold Macaw can be high, and that’s only the beginning. The costs of a large cage, toys, regular vet check-ups, and a balanced diet can add up. Potential owners should be prepared for both the time and financial investment required over the bird’s long lifespan.

Blue and Gold Macaw FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)