American Sable Rabbit

Scientific NameOryctolagus cuniculus
Common NameAmerican Sable Rabbit
Care LevelModerate
Lifespan5-8 years
Adult Size7-10 pounds
OriginUnited States
TemperamentGentle, Calm, Friendly

History & Domestication

The American Sable Rabbit traces its roots to the United States in the early 20th century. Otto Brock of San Gabriel, California, is credited with developing this breed during the 1920s. Interestingly, the American Sable was a product of a breeding attempt to enhance the coat color of Chinchilla Rabbits. Instead of achieving a richer coat for the Chinchilla, Brock discovered the sepia-toned offspring that would later be recognized as the American Sable.

Initially used for fur production due to its velvety and unique coat color, the American Sable gradually gained popularity among breeders and rabbit enthusiasts. Despite its appealing features and temperament, this breed remains relatively rare and is considered a heritage breed.


Adult American Sable Rabbits typically weigh between 7 to 10 pounds. They possess a medium build that’s well-proportioned, giving them an elegant and refined appearance. The breed’s medium size makes them easy to handle and suitable for both novice and experienced rabbit owners.


American Sable Rabbits have a lifespan ranging from 5 to 8 years, although some individuals, with exceptional care, can exceed this range. The longevity of an American Sable Rabbit, much like other breeds, hinges on several factors, including genetics, overall care, diet, and living conditions.


American Sable Rabbits have a robust reproductive system. They typically give birth to healthy litters, averaging 6 to 8 kits. Their maternal instincts are strong, making them attentive mothers that take diligent care of their offspring. If breeding for show or preservation purposes, it’s vital to adhere to breed standards to maintain the distinct characteristics of the American Sable.

Unique Features

The hallmark feature of the American Sable Rabbit is its captivating coat color. The coat is characterized by a rich sepia color on the ears, face, back, legs, and tail, which gradually fades to a lighter shade on the rabbit’s sides and belly. This gradient effect gives the American Sable its distinctive look. The dense, silky fur feels luxurious to the touch and played a significant role in the breed’s initial popularity for fur production.

Behavior and Temperament

American Sable Rabbits are renowned for their calm and gentle disposition. They exude a sense of tranquility, which endears them to both children and adults alike. The breed’s docile nature makes them excellent pets for families. Their friendly demeanor and sociability mean they often enjoy the company of their human caregivers and can be quite affectionate.


Handling an American Sable Rabbit is typically a pleasant experience due to their calm nature. Nevertheless, it’s essential to ensure they’re picked up correctly to avoid causing stress or potential injury. Proper handling involves supporting their back and hindquarters, ensuring the rabbit feels secure. Gentle and consistent interaction from a young age can help inculcate trust and further facilitate ease of handling.

Grooming Needs

With its dense, medium-length coat, the American Sable requires regular grooming. Weekly brushing is usually sufficient, though during molting seasons, more frequent grooming might be necessary to prevent hairballs and matting. Regular grooming not only ensures the rabbit’s coat remains in prime condition but also provides an opportunity to check for any potential health concerns, such as skin issues or parasites.

Diet & Nutrition

An American Sable Rabbit’s diet should be predominantly hay-based. High-quality Timothy hay or other grass hays should be readily available, as they provide the essential fiber necessary for digestive health and tooth wear. In addition to hay, fresh vegetables, a small quantity of rabbit pellets, and occasional fruit treats can be incorporated. Fresh water should always be accessible.


American Sable Rabbits are adaptable and can thrive in various climatic conditions. However, they should always be protected from extreme temperatures. During hot periods, they require shade and fresh water, while in colder conditions, their living area should be kept dry and free from drafts. Their dense fur offers some protection against the cold, but it’s essential to ensure they aren’t exposed to extreme cold for extended periods.

Common Health Issues

While the American Sable Rabbit is relatively hardy, it can be susceptible to common rabbit ailments. Dental issues, digestive problems, and respiratory infections are among the typical health concerns. Regular check-ups by a veterinarian, a balanced diet, and clean living conditions can significantly mitigate many health risks.

Habitat Requirements

Considering their medium size, American Sable Rabbits need a spacious living area. Whether they reside indoors or outdoors, they should have ample space to move, explore, and play. A secure, well-ventilated hutch or cage is essential, and if they’re kept indoors, a rabbit-proofed area or playpen is ideal for exercise.

Cost of Care

Acquiring an American Sable Rabbit might involve varying costs, depending on factors like pedigree and the breeder’s reputation. The initial costs entail the rabbit’s habitat setup, supplies, and the first vet visits. Recurring expenses cover food, toys, grooming necessities, and standard vet care. For potential owners, planning for occasional health issues or emergencies is wise. Prioritizing the well-being of an American Sable Rabbit ensures they lead a contented life, offering immeasurable joy and companionship to their caregivers.

American Sable Rabbit FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)