Agouti Gerbil

Scientific NameMeriones unguiculatus
Common NameAgouti Gerbil
Care LevelModerate
Lifespan2-4 years
Adult Size10-12 cm in length (excluding tail)
DietOmnivorous (seeds, grains, insects)
TemperamentCurious, Social, Active

History & Domestication

The Agouti Gerbil, known scientifically as Meriones unguiculatus, is native to the deserts of Mongolia and parts of China. Their wild coloration, known as “agouti,” has bands of multiple colors on individual hairs, giving them their distinctive appearance. Historically, these gerbils lived in harsh desert environments, where their burrowing habits helped them escape the intense sun and potential predators.

It wasn’t until the mid-20th century that Agouti Gerbils began to gain popularity as household pets. This began primarily in the United Kingdom and later spread to other parts of the world. Their curious nature, combined with their relative ease of care, made them a sought-after pet, especially for those looking for an alternative to the more common hamster.


Adult Agouti Gerbils typically measure between 10 to 12 cm in length, not including their tail, which can add an additional 8-10 cm. This makes them one of the larger species of gerbils, with a robust and athletic build.


In a well-maintained environment, Agouti Gerbils can live between 2 to 4 years, sometimes even longer. Their lifespan can be influenced by factors such as genetics, diet, and overall care. Regular veterinary check-ups and a proper diet can ensure that they live out their full lifespan in good health.


Breeding Agouti Gerbils requires understanding their specific needs and behaviors. They can reproduce every 24 to 26 days, and after a gestation period of about 24 days, females can give birth to a litter of 1-10 pups. It’s essential to provide a safe and comfortable environment for the mother and her babies, as she can become protective during this time.

Unique Features

The Agouti Gerbil’s fur is one of its most distinctive features. Each hair is banded with various colors, giving them a unique “wild” appearance. This multi-colored banding on their fur is what led to their name “Agouti”. They also have large hind legs adapted for jumping, which is a characteristic feature of gerbils, helping them move quickly in their native desert habitats.

Behavior and Temperament

Known for their curious and social nature, Agouti Gerbils are often found exploring their surroundings. They are active creatures, particularly during the dawn and dusk. They enjoy burrowing, which is a natural behavior inherited from their wild ancestors. While they are generally social and can coexist with other gerbils, introductions should be made cautiously to avoid conflicts.


When it comes to handling, patience is crucial. While they are generally friendly, sudden movements can startle them. It’s best to allow your gerbil to become accustomed to your hand by placing it in their enclosure and letting them approach. Over time, they’ll associate your hand with positive interactions, making handling easier and more enjoyable for both parties.

Grooming Needs

Agouti Gerbils are relatively low-maintenance in terms of grooming. Their desert origins mean they have a coat that naturally repels dirt. Sand baths, using chinchilla sand, can help them maintain a clean and healthy coat. Providing a sand bath a few times a week will allow them to roll and clean themselves, which not only keeps them clean but also offers enrichment.

Diet & Nutrition

Their diet primarily consists of seeds and grains. However, being omnivores, they also appreciate occasional protein sources such as mealworms. Fresh water should always be available. While they can consume small amounts of fresh fruits and vegetables, these should be given in moderation to prevent digestive issues.


Originating from desert environments, Agouti Gerbils are adapted to a more temperate climate. Room temperature, between 20-23°C (68-73°F), is generally ideal. It’s crucial to keep them out of direct sunlight or drafts to avoid sudden temperature changes.

Common Health Issues

Like all rodents, they can be prone to respiratory issues, especially in drafty or damp conditions. Regular check-ups can ensure early detection of potential problems. Overgrown teeth, due to a lack of proper chew materials, can also be an issue. Providing chew toys can help wear down their teeth naturally.

Habitat Requirements

A spacious cage with a deep layer of bedding will satisfy their burrowing instincts. The enclosure should also include hiding spots, tunnels, and climbing structures to provide enrichment. As they are social animals, they often do better when housed with a companion, but ensure that the cage is large enough to prevent territorial disputes.

Cost of Care

The initial costs for an Agouti Gerbil include the purchase price of the gerbil, a suitable cage, bedding, food, and toys. Ongoing costs include replenishing food and bedding, potential veterinary care, and occasional cage enhancements or replacements. Given their relatively small size and modest needs, they are generally considered a more affordable pet option. However, potential owners should always consider long-term care costs before adopting any pet.

Agouti Gerbil FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)